Factsheets - Sheep & Beef
The following fact sheets have been prepared by Anexa FVC Veterinarians as a guide to topics of interest. For specific information please contact your local vet.

Young Stock Weight Monitoring

Wednesday, 9th May 2018
 
Young stock growth is an integral part of any farming system and needs to be optimised from day one to get the best results from your animals. The faster the young stock are ...
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Cancer Eye in Cattle

Cancer Eye in Cattle

Wednesday, 9th May 2018
 
While pregnancy testing beef cows in the autumn, we often see cows with cancer in or around their eyes. The question often asked is “what can be done?” The options with any ...
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Sheep Body Condition Scoring

Sheep Body Condition Scoring

Wednesday, 9th May 2018
 
Body condition scoring is a very helpful tool for assessing how your ewes are doing regardless of their breed, live weight, frame, gut fill or stage of pregnancy. This then means ...
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NAIT - National Animal Identification and Tracing scheme

NAIT - National Animal Identification and Tracing scheme

Wednesday, 9th May 2018
 
Why is it important? NAIT was created in response to a need to improve consumer confidence, food traceability and disease management. As the recent Mycoplasma outbreak ...
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Practical prevention - Wrap up from our biosecurity discussion

Wednesday, 9th May 2018
 
On the 27th of March, we had a discussion group in Te Mata to discuss biosecurity on farm, with a focus on how we could prevent importation of diseases. It had just been ...
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Case study - Parvovirus

Case study - Parvovirus

Wednesday, 9th May 2018
 
By Lucy Scott, Veterinarian, Anexa Vets Raglan An 18 month old huntaway presented to our Huntly clinic after hours with vomiting, diarrhoea and lethargy. After examining the ...
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Tetanus Case

Thursday, 5th April 2018
 
By Lucy Scott, Anexa Vets Raglan A few weeks ago, I saw a case of progressive paralysis in a calf. The calf was down, bloated and had a temperature over 40 degrees. The signs had ...
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Are your pregnancy rates not what you expect?

Thursday, 5th April 2018
 
There are three reasons for low in-calf rates; poor bull fertility, poor conception rates or high embryonic loss. I’ll talk about the third cause in this article (though the ...
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The Case of the Poor-Doing Steers

Thursday, 5th April 2018
 
I was recently called out to a large coastal sheep and beef property to check a mob of poor-doing steers. The affected group comprised of two and three-year old Angus and Hereford ...
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Mineral supplementation in young stock

Thursday, 5th April 2018
 
Rearing youngstock in NZ can be difficult to do well and, can be heavily reliant on the weather and grass growth. Because of the unpredictability of weather and climate ...
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What is leptospirosis?

What is leptospirosis?

Monday, 5th March 2018
 
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease, meaning it can spread from animals to humans. Many species can be infected, including cattle, pigs, rodents, dogs and humans. Affected cattle ...
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Faecal Egg Count Reduction Tests (FECRT)

Faecal Egg Count Reduction Tests (FECRT)

Monday, 5th March 2018
 
Whether there have been previous resistance issues on the farm or not, this is a worthwhile investment. This is the only way to know if the drenches that you are using are ...
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Working Dog Twisted Gut

Working Dog Twisted Gut

Monday, 5th March 2018
 
Getting your dog out of the kennel in the morning and finding it not wanting to move and bloated is an EMERGENCY. You may also notice retching, gut pain and depression which can ...
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Ticks, ticks and more ticks

Ticks, ticks and more ticks

Monday, 5th March 2018
 
Ticks are nasty blood sucking external parasites, which can affect sheep and cattle, as well as other species including deer, goats, horses and domestic animals. Only one species ...
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Ryegrass staggers

Thursday, 1st March 2018
 
This appears to have been a particularly bad year for ryegrass staggers and cases continue to appear in all classes of cows, sheep and horses. Ryegrass Staggers (RGS) is one of ...
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Enzootic (Viral) Pneumonia- a case study

Enzootic (Viral) Pneumonia- a case study

Thursday, 1st March 2018
 
Recently one of our farmers had a run of dying lambs that presented as pale, weak and dying within 24 hours of being seen. They had been drenched recently (2-3 weeks before) with ...
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Facial Eczema Control

Thursday, 1st February 2018
 
Facial Eczema (FE) season is upon us there’s been a slow start to spore counts this year, but with the recent rain we are likely to see levels increasing. Prevention is ...
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Barbers pole worm - Why should it be treated differently?

Thursday, 1st February 2018
 
Barbers pole (Haemonchus Contortus) is different from other worms affecting sheep in a few, important ways, and it is good to review this disease before it becomes a problem. The ...
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BVD - is it really worth eradicating?

Thursday, 1st February 2018
 
BVD (Bovine Viral Diarrhoea) is one of the most common and costly diseases in New Zealand cattle. Many of the losses associated with BVD are not obvious, meaning your cattle may ...
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What is Mycoplasma?

Thursday, 1st February 2018
 
Mycoplasma Bovis is a bacterial disease that typically affects both adult cattle and calves. It does not infect humans and poses no risk to food safety. Mycoplasma was first ...
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Case Study - Partially Blind Beef Bulls

Case Study - Partially Blind Beef Bulls

Thursday, 1st February 2018
 
By Lucy Scott, Veterinarian, Anexa Raglan I recently went to give a travel certificate for some partially blind 2-year old bulls and this raised some questions about whether ...
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Why do we recommend a working dog formulated diet?

Why do we recommend a working dog formulated diet?

Thursday, 1st February 2018
 
Unsurprisingly a working dog’s energy requirements are at least two to three times higher than pet dogs, and on some farms and in some weather, considerably more. A recent ...
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Diseases affecting Young stock recently moved to grazing units

Diseases affecting Young stock recently moved to grazing units

Tuesday, 5th December 2017
 
With high numbers of dairy heifers moving to grazing units this month, it is worth pausing to consider the stress the girls are under, and the effect that can have on their health ...
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Clostridial diseases

Tuesday, 5th December 2017
 
We inject our most of our cattle and sheep at least annually for clostridial diseases. We can use 5 in 1, 6 in 1 or Covexin, but often it is unclear where these diseases come from ...
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How to collect a grass sample for spore count testing

How to collect a grass sample for spore count testing

Friday, 1st December 2017
 
To assess the facial eczema spore count risk: 1. Select a paddock that you wish to monitor. 2. Cut a handful of grass with scissors or a knife, at 1cm above the ground ...
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Nitrate Poisoning in cattle

Nitrate Poisoning in cattle

Tuesday, 3rd October 2017
 
Nitrate poisoning in cattle occurs when certain plant species accumulate nitrate. The rumen microflora normally convert nitrate to nitrite and then to ammonia, but when intake is ...
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Calf scours due to Salmonella

Tuesday, 3rd October 2017
 
Many strains of Salmonella infect calves, and many calves carry Salmonella in their guts, but disease does not develop until the dose of infection becomes overwhelming, or other ...
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Gluteal injections

Gluteal injections

Tuesday, 3rd October 2017
 
New research from Nottingham University Vet School has shown that 70% of injections given in the rump were too close to the sciatic nerve and risk causing sciatic damage, which ...
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Coccidiosis in Calves

Thursday, 7th September 2017
 
Coccidiosis is a parasitic disease which primarily occurs in young cattle between three and eight months of age, but can appear from as young as four weeks, and occasionally can ...
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Rearing Orphan Lambs

Rearing Orphan Lambs

Thursday, 7th September 2017
 
With the bad spell of weather during the early lambing period, we are seeing a considerable number of orphan lambs. As New Zealand ewe productivity slowly increases, the number of ...
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Sheep Measles Tips

Thursday, 7th September 2017
 
1. This worm has two hosts; dogs and sheep. The worm stage is in the dog’s gut, the cyst stage in the sheep muscle tissue. 2. To spread, sheep must eat pasture contaminated ...
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Reviving newborn lambs

Reviving newborn lambs

Tuesday, 1st August 2017
 
With the recent cold windy weather and the onset of lambing, this is a good time to remind yourself on how to revive newborn lambs. Weak or cold newborn lambs need rapid attention ...
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Yersiniosis

Yersiniosis

Tuesday, 1st August 2017
 
Yersinia is the cause of sporadic cases of enteritis in cattle, usually affecting a single animal. In the last year however, we have seen several quite large outbreaks. This ...
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Body Condition Scoring in sheep (BCS)

Body Condition Scoring in sheep (BCS)

Monday, 3rd July 2017
 
Traditionally ewes are given a drench pre-lambing to help control Body Condition Scoring of sheep and cattle is a quick way of assessing the condition of your animals. It is much ...
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FEC Monitoring Service Case Study

FEC Monitoring Service Case Study

Monday, 3rd July 2017
 
The following are the results from a farm which buys in large numbers of store lambs, from a number of different sources. This case study follows one batch of lambs bought in ...
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Fuel for Performance - Working Dog Nutrition

Fuel for Performance - Working Dog Nutrition

Monday, 3rd July 2017
 
Did you know that feeding your working dogs like athletes could result in fewer injuries and keep them working for longer?Working dogs are running up to a marathon a day and just ...
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Prelamb Drenching

Wednesday, 7th June 2017
 
Traditionally ewes are given a drench pre-lambing to help control the “periparturiant rise”. This is when, around lambing time, a ewe’s natural immune defences are reduced ...
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Ewe ultrasound pregnancy diagnosis

Wednesday, 7th June 2017
 
Ultrasound pregnancy diagnosis is a valuable management tool which can be utilised by sheep farmers. It is a quick and non-invasive method of differentiating between single versus ...
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Copper

Wednesday, 7th June 2017
 
Copper is an important trace element in both sheep and cattle for proper development. It is required for bone growth, nervous system development, integrity of the immune system as ...
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Management of multiple bearing ewes in pregnancy

Monday, 8th May 2017
 
The optimal management of ewes in pregnancy depends on stage of pregnancy number of foetuses carried the level of feed available and predicted pasture growth body condition ...
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Liver Fluke

Liver Fluke

Monday, 8th May 2017
 
The Liver fluke parasite (Fasciola Hepatica) is a major cause of chronic wasting in both cattle and sheep in New Zealand. Infection can occur at any time during the year but is ...
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Fly Strike Control

Fly Strike Control

Sunday, 2nd April 2017
 
We are experiencing high levels of fly strike this season and recently the efficacy of Cyrazine came into question when it appeared ‘not to have worked’ on three farms. Merial ...
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Drench Checking

Drench Checking

Sunday, 2nd April 2017
 
Drench checking is a faecal egg count (FEC) performed after drenching to confirm that a drench has worked. As the average lifecycle of strongly worms is around 21days, we normally ...
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Drench Resistance

Tuesday, 28th February 2017
 
Drench resistance to all drench families is increasing. Drench resistance development can be evaluated and steps can be taken to minimise it. (the graph to the right shows the ...
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Common Pitfalls in Management Programmes for Facial Eczema (FE)

Tuesday, 28th February 2017
 
The information and data taken from Cuttance et al 2016 and Dairy NZ In a recent study, it was found that there are numerous ways to incorrectly dose with Zinc for FE. The ...
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Minimising the effects of worms in growing calves and lambs by reducing pasture larval challenge

Thursday, 26th January 2017
 
It has been repeatedly demonstrated that one of the most important factors in maximising growth rates of young animals is minimising the effects of worms. It is now known that ...
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Dosing with Zinc for Facial Eczema through Feed or Water

Thursday, 26th January 2017
 
There are numerous ways we can dose animals with Zinc, but one of the simplest, if you have reticulated water, is to add Zinc to the water system. Adding Zinc to feed when ...
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Facial Eczema Update

Wednesday, 14th December 2016
 
Our last Sheep and Beef Discussion Group was held at Alister Reeves farm and centred around reflecting on the horrendous facial eczema season we all experienced earlier this year. ...
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Facial Eczema and grass sampling

Facial Eczema and grass sampling

Monday, 12th December 2016
 
Facial eczema (FE) season is imminent and we have already had a couple of clinical cases reported. Prevention is definitely better than cure with FE, so monitoring the situation ...
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Sheep Measles in Dogs

Sheep Measles in Dogs

Monday, 21st November 2016
 
We have just finished the dog vaccination runs and the Raglan clinic alone vaccinated 549 dogs over the 4 days. We realise there may be other dogs not on our runs and some owners ...
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Mammary Tumours

Mammary Tumours

Monday, 21st November 2016
 
We have recently seen several working dogs with very advanced mammary tumours. These present challenges in terms of surgery, recovery and potential for spread of secondary tumours ...
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Rearing Orphan Lambs

Rearing Orphan Lambs

Friday, 26th August 2016
 
With the bad spell of weather during the early lambing period, the hang over effects of facial eczema (FE) and the grass availability pre-tupping, we are seeing more than the ...
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Lambing Time

Lambing Time

Tuesday, 26th July 2016
 
Lambing time is here for many people and although we strive for ‘easy care’ system, monitoring of lambing paddocks is essential for animal provides good information on the ...
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Common Causes Of Cattle Abortion In New Zealand

Common Causes Of Cattle Abortion In New Zealand

Tuesday, 28th June 2016
 
Pregnancy loss should be under 5%; levels above this or clusters of abortions should be investigated with an aim of preventing future losses. Diagnosis from samples is difficult ...
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Is Liver fluke affecting your stock?

Is Liver fluke affecting your stock?

Wednesday, 20th April 2016
 
The Liver fluke parasite is a major cause of chronic wasting in both cattle and sheep in New Zealand. Infection can occur at any time during the year but is most prevalent during ...
Read On...
 
Drenches and Drench Resistance

Drenches and Drench Resistance

Monday, 22nd February 2016
 
Drench resistance is when previously susceptible worms in the animal survive a correctly applied, standard dose of drench. The resistant worms do not die, they survive and breed ...
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Is Pinkeye a problem for your cattle?

Is Pinkeye a problem for your cattle?

Tuesday, 26th January 2016
 
A large number of cases of Pinkeye have been seen this summer possibly due to the abundance of long grass. Pinkeye in cattle is a disease which is caused by a number of bacteria ...
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Vasectomies in Rams

Vasectomies in Rams

Tuesday, 26th January 2016
 
Vasectomy in the Ram is a management technique used principally to increase conception rates in a compacted lambing period. The ewe flock is isolated for at least one month from ...
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BVD – Bovine Viral Diarrhoea:  Is it limiting your profit?

BVD – Bovine Viral Diarrhoea: Is it limiting your profit?

Wednesday, 23rd December 2015
 
BVD is widespread throughout New Zealand and, in its most severe form in young stock, is seen as Mucosal Disease. It is a complex disease and presents in different ways depending ...
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Healthy Rivers Legislation

Wednesday, 2nd December 2015
 
Paula Grant recently attended the ‘Healthy Rivers Wai Ora’ Consultation meeting in Hamilton and has prepared the following summary of the meeting. There are legislation ...
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Wormwise Principles

Wormwise Principles

Wednesday, 2nd December 2015
 
After coming across two situations in the last few weeks, which appear to be drench resistance, here is a timely reminder of the principle of sustainable worm management. In ...
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Faecal Egg Counts

Faecal Egg Counts

Friday, 6th November 2015
 
Faecal worm egg counts (FEC) and larval cultures provide a guide to the parasite burden. It is important to know when to drench stock and if the drenches are indeed ...
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Do you have dairy calves arriving to graze?

Do you have dairy calves arriving to graze?

Friday, 9th October 2015
 
Ensure everyone concerned knows who is responsible for what and if these commitments have been fulfilled. Remember we have ‘Dairy Heifer Calves Arrival Checksheets’ available ...
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Animal Health Plans

Animal Health Plans

Tuesday, 22nd September 2015
 
What is an animal health plan? An animal health plan is personalised planner for your farm, developed by you and your vet. This enables you to plan the entire season in advance ...
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Knowing Bull Soundness Is Important.

Knowing Bull Soundness Is Important.

Friday, 7th August 2015
 
Getting bulls fertility checked is one of the most effective, easy and inexpensive ways of improving your herd’s reproductive performance. Why? From our 25 years of ...
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Barber’s Pole Worm (Haemonchus contortus)

Barber’s Pole Worm (Haemonchus contortus)

Tuesday, 30th June 2015
 
This is a very serious bloodsucking worm of sheep found to some extent for most of the year, but becoming most serious after extended dry periods, often in late summer and in ...
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